Tag Archive for ‘Alfred Poland’

Photo 3: Illustrations in Friorep’s article of 1839 illustrating the severe form of Poland’s syndrome.

Setting the record straight: The real history of Poland’s syndrome

Poland’s syndrome is an eponym for unilateral, congenital absence of the pectoralis major muscle that is often associated with an ipsilateral upper extremity deformity such as syndactyly. It is sometimes mentioned on rounds or in the operating room to test the younger participants’ knowledge of surgical anatomy and history.


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