Tag Archive for ‘ACS history’

ACS Releases New Book on Founder Franklin Martin’s Rural Upbringing

A new biography, published by the ACS, chronicles Dr. Martin’s early life in rural Wisconsin and the effect his upbringing had on his character and values as a statesman for surgery.

The Manitoba Chapter’s gavel and its enduring meaning

Investigating the history of the Manitoba Chapter’s gavel underscores the ACS’ commitment to improving the care of surgical patients.

Pearls from ACS past Presidential Addresses

Outlines the history of ACS Presidential Addresses and provides a selection of notable excerpts from the last 25 years.

Dan Elkin and Al Blalock: Present at the Creation

This column examines the unexpected and enduring friendship between two leaders of American surgeon in the 1940s, a vascular and cardiovascular surgeon.

A tribute to Harvey W. Bender, Jr., MD, FACS

The professional accomplishments of Dr. Bender—an ACS Past-President, innovative pediatric cardiologist, and dedicated educator—are described.

A tribute to Josef E. Fischer, MD, FACS

The professional accomplishments of Dr. Fischer—Past-Chair of the Board of Regents, an exemplary educator, leader, and clinical and translational researcher—are described.


The impact of brickmaking on Franklin Martin’s character and self-confidence

Franklin H. Martin’s, MD, FACS, work as a brickmaker during his formative years enhanced his stamina, focus, and teamwork skills, which he demonstrated later in his foundational work in surgery.

Presidential illness, privacy, and a surgeon’s character: Some artifacts

Letter opener presented to Dr. Ravdin in 1950 by Penn Medical School’s Agnew Surgical Society

The lights go out in Europe during the 1914 Clinical Congress

This article summarizes the events leading up to World War I and their effect on the 1914 ACS Clinical Congress and describes the early ties the College had with the European surgical community.

Leading the way: American surgery, the ACS, and specialization

Describes the ACS’ role in leading the profession toward surgical specialization in the U.S.


Surgical societies seek control of the “laparoscopic revolution”

The October 1989 American College of Surgeons (ACS) Clinical Congress should be recognized as an important moment in the history of modern surgery. It was at this meeting that much of the enthusiasm for laparoscopic cholecystectomy was generated, triggering what is sometimes referred to as the “laparoscopic revolution” in general surgery. First performed in 1987 […]

No scalpel required: When orthopaedic surgery was conservative

In his 1914 presidential address to the American Orthopaedic Association, Gwilym G. Davis, MD, described the field as follows: “Radical procedures characterize general surgery, whereas conservation is the watchword of the orthopedic surgeon.”1 Conservative surgery was an ideology many elite surgeons applied at the time to separate themselves from their barber-surgeon past—to distance themselves from […]

Franklin Martin, MD, FACS, Founder of the American College of Surgeons

German influences on U.S. surgery and the founding of the ACS

Describes how German surgeons influenced the founding of the College and how the German education model helped shape U.S. residency education.

Caring for the Hiroshima Maidens

Caring for the Hiroshima Maidens

Describes the work and enduring legacy of the U.S. surgeons who treated the “Hiroshima Maidens”—Japanese women who were disfigured as a result of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima in 1945.

Franklin Martin, MD, FACS, Founder of the American College of Surgeons

The first women elected to College Fellowship

The accomplishments of the five women in the inaugural class of the ACS are described.

LaSalle D. Leffall, Jr., MD, FACS,

In memoriam: LaSalle D. Leffall, Jr., MD, FACS—A life without boundaries

LaSalle D. Leffall Jr., MD, FACS—the first African American to serve as President of the ACS—died May 25 of cancer.

John Gabbert Bowman - Photo from the Archives of the American College of Surgeons

John Gabbert Bowman, first Executive Director of the ACS

Dr. Bowman
Archives of the American College of Surgeons

John Staige Davis

The book that established plastic surgery in the U.S.

Marking the 100th anniversary of Plastic Surgery: Its Principles and Practice, this month’s column looks at the development of this textbook as it relates to the evolution of the subspecialty of plastic surgery.

Johns Hopkins Hospital Nurses in World War I, wearing gas masks, 1918

J.M.T. Finney, MD, FACS, and AEF Base Hospital No. 18 in WWI

Dr. Finney’s leadership as Director of Base Hospital No. 18 during World War I is the focus of this month’s column.

AMEDD advance gas aid station

The U.S. medical response to gas warfare in World War I

The evolution of treating chemical-related wartime casualties, specifically gas-related injuries, starting with World War I, is detailed.


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