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No scalpel required: When orthopaedic surgery was conservative(0)

January 8, 2021

In his 1914 presidential address to the American Orthopaedic Association, Gwilym G. Davis, MD, described the field as follows: “Radical procedures characterize general surgery, whereas conservation is the watchword of the orthopedic surgeon.”1 Conservative surgery was an ideology many elite surgeons applied at the time to separate themselves from their barber-surgeon past—to distance themselves from […]

Janet Maria Vaughan—An unlikely hero

In the crucible of war, heroes are forged. We remember the political leaders who made critical decisions or the soldiers who put their lives on the line. Other heroes emerge without titles or uniforms. One example is Janet Maria Vaughan, MD (1899–1993). She started life unlikely to become a physician and even less likely to […]

Franklin Martin, MD, FACS, Founder of the American College of Surgeons

German influences on U.S. surgery and the founding of the ACS

Describes how German surgeons influenced the founding of the College and how the German education model helped shape U.S. residency education.

Caring for the Hiroshima Maidens

Caring for the Hiroshima Maidens

Describes the work and enduring legacy of the U.S. surgeons who treated the “Hiroshima Maidens”—Japanese women who were disfigured as a result of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima in 1945.

Undated portrait of young Dr. Smillie Robertson (courtesy of The Miss Margaret Robins Archives of Women’s College Hospital, Toronto, ON)

Jennie Smillie Robertson, MD: One of Canada’s first women surgeons

One of Canada’s first women surgeons, Jennie Smillie Robertson, MD, is profiled.


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